440 Route 54. UTRECHT. University.
The Cathedral Tower (338 ft. high), begun by Jan ten Doem
of Hainault in 1321, completed in 1382, and now undergoing
restoration, rests on a vaulted passage 36 ft. in height. The lower
stages are square in form, while the upper part is octagonal and
open. The chimes consist of 42 bells, one of which, the St. Sal-
vator, was cast in the 15th cent. and weighs 81/9tons. Entrance
through the dwelling of the keeper (10 c. each); 458 steps to the
platform. The view embraces almost the whole of Holland, and
part of Guelders and N. Brabant.
In the S.B. corner of the Dom-Kerkhof a bronze statue of Count
au (p. 438), by Stracké, was erected in 1888. — The
loisters (13th & 15th cent.), adjoining the choir on
connect the cathedral with the university and serve as a
public thoroughfare. They were restored by Cuypers in 1880-96.
The University (Pl. C, 3; adm., see p. 437) was founded in
1636, and has five faculties, with about 50 professors, 25 lecturers
and readers, and over 1000 students. It was enlarged in 1894 by
a building in the early Dutch Renaissance style, from designs by
Gugel and Nisuwenhuis (handsome hall with ceiling-paintings by
G. Sturm and stained-glass windows). The Aula, in the Gothic
style, originally the chapter-house of the cathedral, was restored in
1879 by Cuypers. The Senate Room contains portraits of professors.
A tablet in the University commemorates Dr. John Henry Livingston
(4746-1825), an American clergyman of the Dutch Reformed Church.
The Gothic Patrician Dwelling at the back of the university,
with a tower, was restored by Cuypers in 1883.
The Paushuizen, or ‘pope’s house’, on the Kromme Nieuwe Gracht,
next door to the Gouvernement (Pl. D, 3), a little to the S., recalls
by its name Pope Hadrian VI. (p. 438), who built it in 1517 when
Provost of St. Salvator. On the gable is an old statue of the
The Archiepiscopal Museum (Aartsbisschoppelyk Museum; Pl.
D, 3), Nieuwe Gracht 20, affords an admirable illustration of all
the branches of sacred art as practised in the Netherlands. Adm.,
see p. 437.
Ground Floor. Room I. On the entrance-wall are eight panels of the
Early Cologne School (ca. 1380), representing scenes from the life of the
Virgin. Right wall: Ugolino da Siena, Madonna; Lippo Vanni, St. Dominic;
also a few other Early Sienese and Florentine altar-pieces (14-16th cent.).
The cases contain three costly bindings for Gospels, including the Evan-
gelarium Sancti Lebuini, an Anglo-Saxon MS. of the 8thcent., with ivory
carving of the 11th cent. in a hammered gold frame of the 15th cent. on the
cover; MSS. and incunabula with miniatures (14-17th cent.). — Room IL.
Paintings, chiefly by Netherlandish Masters of the 46th cent. (by the exit,
two portraits by Jan van Scovel). In the wall-cases to the left, Embroidery
for ecclesiastical vestments; in the middle, Incunabula of 1465 and later,
and printed works of the 16th century. — Room II. Embroideries of the
15-46th centuries. On the wall opposite the windows is a painting of the
Dutch School (after 1500), representing Four Pilgrims in the Chapel of
the Nativity at Bethlehem (which appears very much in the same condition
as now). In the glass-cases are chalices, ciboria, monstrances, censers,
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K 29612:[a,1,11], Collectie Stad Antwerpen, Erfgoedbibliotheek Hendrik Conscience
Baedeker, Karl, Belgium and Holland, including the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg: handbook for travellers, K 29612:[a,1,11], Collectie Stad Antwerpen, Erfgoedbibliotheek Hendrik Conscience