PURMEREND. 45. Route. 413
commanded by Admiral Abercrombie and the Duke of York, landed at
this point. The Russians lost their way and were totally defeated by
the French at Bergen (p. 412), while the English were compelled, after a
skirmish at Castricum (p. 410), to yield to the superior forces of the French
and to retreat, having failed in their endeayours to induce the Dutch to
revolt against their new masters.
Opposite Helder, and separated from the mainland by the strait
of Marsdiep, which is never choked up with sand, lies the island
of Texel. A steamboat plies thither from Nieuwediep 10-12 times
daily in 3/, hr., landing at Oudeschild, whence an omnibus runs in
1/yhr. to De Burg (Hotel Texel, 32 R. at 2 fl. incl. B., Hotel de
Lindeboom, both good, with restaurants), the capital of the island
(interesting old houses). On the W. coast lies the fishing-village
of Koog (Bad-Hotel Prinses Juliana, 34 R., pens. 3!/p fl., well spoken
of), recently frequented as a bathing-resort (primitive). The is-
land, with 6400 inhab., and 73 sq. M. in extent, consists chiefly of
pasture-land, and supports about 34,000 sheep. Its N. extremity
is called Eyerland (‘land of eggs’). The eggs of the myriads of
sea-fowl which visit it are collected and sent to Amsterdam.
Harlingen (p. 449) in Friesland may be reached by a sailing-boat with
a favourable wind in 5-6 hrs. (12-45 f1.).
45, From Amsterdam to Enkhuizen and Stavoren
(Leeuwarden; Harlingen; Groningen).
50 M. Rarway to (36/2 M.) Enkhuizen in 1!/4-2 hrs. (from Haarlem via
Alkmaar, 52 M., in 41/4-23/4 hrs.). Steamer from Enkhuizen to (13!/2 M.)
Stavoren in 1 hr. 10 minutes. — Stzam ply from Amsterdam to Hoorn,
via Enkhuizen to Harlingen, and via khuizen to Stavoren and Sneek
(comp. p. 366).
From Amsterdam to (51/) M.) Zaandam, see p. 406. The train
crosses the Zaan, stops at Oostzaan, and skirts the Wormer Polder,
141/, M. Purmerend (Hétel Centraal; Heerenlogement), a small
town with 6000 inhab. (market on Tues.), is situated between the
Purmer, Wormer, and Beemster polders, at the S. extremity of the
last-named. This polder, considered one of the finest in Holland,
is intersected by the steam-tramway from Zunderdorp (Amster
dam; p. 366) to Alkmaar, one of the stations on which is Midden
Beemster (Heerenhuis, small but good).
The railway to Hoorn skirts the E. side of the Beemster Polder,
passing Kwadyk, whence a steam-tramway runs in 1/4 hr. to Edam
and thence in 10 min. to Volendam (comp. p. 408), Oosthuizen, and
2651/5 M. Hoorn. — Hotels. *Héret ve Doren, Achter-Straat 2,
25 R. at 2-2l/2 (incl. B.), D. 2 fl., *ParK-Horen, Achté 53, 14 BR. at 13/,,
B. 3/4 fl., with view of the Zuiderzee, HOrex pe Rosxam, Veemarkt 45, 10 R.
at 42/4 fl. Gincl. B.), all with cafés-restaurants.
Hoorn, the picturesque old capital of West Friesland, with
41,000 inhab., contains numerous gabled buildings of the 17th cent.,
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K 29612:[a,1,11], Collectie Stad Antwerpen, Erfgoedbibliotheek Hendrik Conscience
Baedeker, Karl, Belgium and Holland, including the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg: handbook for travellers, K 29612:[a,1,11], Collectie Stad Antwerpen, Erfgoedbibliotheek Hendrik Conscience