||WATERLOO. 11. Route. 149
Hougomont, occupies 2 hrs.; to La Belle Alliance and Plancenoit
2 hrs. more. The traveller will, however, obtain a general survey of
the field during the first 2 hours.
Guides. The annexed plan and the following sketch of the battle
will enable the visitor to form a distinct conception of the positions occup-
ied by the respective armie without the services of a guide. The usual
fee for the principal points of interest is 2fr.; if the excursion Be extended
to Plancenoit or Planchenois and the chateau of Frichemont, 3-4 fr.;. but
an agreement should invariably be made beforehand.
Relics. Old bullets, weapons, buttons, and other relics are still occa-
sionally turned up by the plough, but most of those which the traveller is
importuned to pence are Sa
Inns at Mont St. Jean (p. 153): Hotel Mont St. Jean and (to the righ
he road to me elle X from the Namur road) Hétel ae
At the Mound of THO Hotel du Musée (see p. 154), déj. 2, D.
3 fr.; Hétel Wellington, dearer, with carriages for hire.
Sketch of the Hates A detailed history of the momentous events
ond the scope of a guidebook; but an
sed | upon the most Pape worthy sources, may be accept-
v tl memorable spot. Among full and recent
may be mention ea those < eG a Hou ssaye, E. L. 8S.
, and General De Bas & General Ts .
gton took up his position after the Battle
for a 2 > battle. The high-
at th of Mont Saint Jean,
In front of the village
which presented a]l the advantag
ting ground behind this range affor¢
d so as to conceal th
ngton was fully justified
ren against a stronger enemy, until the
cher should arrive.
of sey June , 1815
n route Te
F hills with g
y the Allies. Th
y for posting the
In this fz
to hold h
€ pror d by
In front of the right of th army lay the Chdteau of Hougo-
mont, which, with its massive buildings, its gardens and plantations, formed
an admirable point. @appui for the defence of the heights above. It was
holds a prominent mine
ght comp s under Lord Saltoun, and two under Col.
tren eRe ned by battalion of Nassovi a company of Hano-
bout 100 men of the German Legion. This point
in the history of the battle, on account both of the
fury of the atta and the heroic and successful defence. Farther to the
left, and nea the front of the Allies, lay La Haye Sainte, a fortified
farm-house w whieh was held by 400 men of the German Tieeios under Major
von Baring, and after a noble defence was taken by the French. The
defence of the farms of Pape otte and La Haye on the e ne left was
entrusted to the de under Duke Bernard of Weimar.
Napoleon’s army ivawn up in a semicircle on the heights to the E.
and W. the farm of Za Belle Alliance, about one mile distant from
the All It was arranged in two lines, wi eserve inthe rear. The
first line consisted of two corps darmée, one xtended from La
Belle Alliance westwards to the Nivelles road and beyond it, the other
eastwards in the direction of the chateau of Frichemont. The second line
was composed almost entirely of cayalry. Farther back the imperial guard,
consisting of infantry and artillery, were drawn up in r on each
side of the chaus
The Duke of Wellington’s army consi )
whom 0 troops of the German Legion, Hanoverians,
Brunsw ovians, and 13-14,000 Dutch-B Belgians. Of these
12,400 (including 5800 British) were cavalry, 5600 artillery with 150 guns.
The army brought into the field by Napoleon numbered 71,900 men, of
whom 15,700 were , 7200 artillery with 246 guns. Numerically,
therefore, the differc n the hostile armies was not great, but it
sted of 67,600 men, 24,000 of