xxxiv Cycling. HOLLAND,
ahead of Greenwich or West Europe time, and 40 min. behind
Central Europe time.
The best railway and light railway time-tables are contained in
the Wederlandsch Spoorboekje (15 c.). Other means of travelling (steam-
boats, diligences, omnibuses, tramways, etc.) are contained only in Van
Santen’s Officiedle Reisgids voor Nederland (with small map, 15 c¢., with
large map, 25c.). Vrachtprys means fare; v. (vertrek) means departure,
and a, (aankomst) arrival. To change carrias is overstappen.
Licut Raiways. Holland is covered by a dense network of
light railways, mostly worked by steam (Stoom Tramwegen), though
some haye electric power (Electrische Tramwegen) and others are
worked by horses (Paarden Tram). Only the chief lines are men-
tioned in the present Handbook.
Steamers (Stoombooten) may be used instead of railways in
travelling between almost any two towns of Holland. An excellent
idea of the character of the country and of the peculiar charms of
Dutch scenery (comp. p. xxxvi) is afforded by the steamers on the
smaller canals (e. g. between Rotterdam and Delft, Leyden and
Katwyk, Leyden and Amsterdam, Alkmaar and Utrecht), while the
steamer-navigation on the Rhine (Rotterdam to Cologne) and
through Zeeland (Antwerp to Rotterdam, p. 206) will also be found
VIII. Cycling and Motoring.
Holland is a favourite district for cyclists on account of its ex-
cellent and level roads. Its highroads (grintwegen) are all kept in
admirable condition, and its secondary roads (slraatwegen), paved
with a kind of brick called ‘klinkers’, are practicable even after the
heaviest showers. The roads (keiwegen) in North Brabant, which
are paved with cobble-stones, are, however, less pleasant. Most of
the chief roads are provided with a path open to cyclists. All the
more important cross-roads are supplied with guide-posts, and dan-
gerous points (gevaarlyke helling) are indicated by warning boards.
Cyclists keep to the left in passing and to the right in meeting
other vehicles. Every cycle must be provided with a bell or other
warning signal, and with a bright lantern at night.
Motor-cars or motor-cycles belonging to tourists are liable to a
duty of 5 per cent ad valorem on entering Holland, but the amount
is refunded on the production of the official receipt on leaving the
country. Members of recognized clubs, however, obtain duty-free
admission for their machines on conditions to be learned of the
club-secretaries. — Bicycles brought by trayellers for their own use
in Holland are admitted free of duty. All the railways carry oycles,
either crated or uncrated. The Hollandsche Yzeren Spoorweg Maat-
schappy (p. Xxxiii) charges a uniform price of 20 ¢. for each cycle,
and on production of the receipt for this (‘regu’) issue one-way
tickets for cyclists at half the rate of return-tickets. The other
railway companies charge 12 c. for the first 10 kilomatres for each