||of Amsterdam. NOORDZEE KANAAL. 43. Route. 407
Its level is about 20 inches below the mean level of the water at
Amsterdam. The whole outlay, including the cost of the protecting
dyke at the E. end, near the village of Schellingwoude (see below),
amounted to 40,000,000f1., of which upwards of 10,000,000 fl. were
recovered by the sale of reclaimed land. — A steamer starts four or
five times daily from the De Ruyter-Kade (pier 8) at Amster-
dam for (41/)- 13/4 hr.) Ymuiden yia Velsen (fares 60 or 40 c.).
The railway-journey (via Haarlem and Velsen, see p. 440) takes
Ymuiden (Hot. Augusta, with café-restaurant; Hot. Nommer
Een; Hét. Willem Barendsz; Brit. vice-consul, S. C. L. Reygers-
berg), with 2400 inhab., a place which has come into existence
behind the dunes on the S. side of the mouth of the canal, is the
starting-point for a visit to the massive locks that protect the canal
at high water. The older of these, close to Ymuiden, has three
openings, the largest of which is 130 yds. long, 20 yds. broad, and
25 ft. deep. The other, completed in 1895, is reached by crossing
the long narrow island that divides the canal into two arms; it is
still larger and has a single opening, 245 yds. long, 27 yds. broad,
and 33 ft. deep. — From Ymuiden we may walk in 25-30 min. to
the S., round the fishing harbour to the lighthouse at the mouth
of the canal, on the N. side of which is a fort. The two break-
waters that protect the entrance to the canal are nearly 4 M. in
length. — From Ymuiden to Wyk aan Zee, sce p. 410.
In order to protect the North Sea Canal from the Zuiderzee a
huge dam, 41/4 M. in length, has been constructed across the E.
mouth of the Y at Schellingwoude. The N. part of this embankment is
broken by the Oranjesluizen, with five openings for the passage of
vessels and for regulating the amount of water in the canal. The
largest of them is 105 yds. in length, 19 yds. in width, and 1A1/s ft.
deep. Of the lock-gates, 22 are constructed of iron and 34 of wood.
— Local steamer from Amsterdam (starting at the Schreyerstoren ;
Pl. E, 2) to Schellingwoude, see No. 3 on p. 366. We may return
on foot along the N. bank of the Y to (‘1/2 hr.) Niewwendam, and
thence take the local steamer No. 2.
A pleasant excursion may be made by steam - tramway No. 2
(p. 366) to Muiden (Hotel Badhuis, on the beach; Restaurant de
Hollande), a small town at the influx of the Vecht into the Zuider-
zee, 71/) M. to the E. of Amsterdam, with a castle (13th cent. )
affording a good view of the Zuiderzee (fee 25-50c.). The road
skirts the Linnaeus Garden, and then proceeds past the Water-
graafsmeer Polder and the village of Diemerbrug. Beyond Muiden
the tramway goes on to Hakkelaarsbrug, Naarden (p.434), and Laren.
[From Hakkelaarsbrug a branch-line leads to the left to the small
watering-place of Muiderberg (Bad-Hotel; famous echo).| Between